Happy PATRIOTS Day in US – Patriot’s Day is the one observed in Massachusetts, Maine and Wisconsin in remembrance of the Battles of Concord and Lexington. This was the first ever battle of the American Revolutionary War. It is an official holiday in these regions.
To begin with, the holiday was first observed on 19th April every year as the battle was fought in the year 1775 on the same date. In 1894, the Lexington Historical Society postulated the Massachusetts State Legislature to announce 19th April to be ‘Lexington Day’, whereas the Concord opposed the idea and asked it to declare as ‘Concord Day’.
The Governor of the Massachusetts State Legislature then came up with a word to make day as ‘Patriot’s Day’ in order to commemorate the battle fought between the two.
How to celebrate:
Happy PATRIOTS Day in US 2018
In Massachusetts and Maine, the day is been observed on the third Monday of April since 1969. Until the Missouri Compromise in the year 1820, Maine was a part of Massachusetts, but thereafter it got separated. A holiday on Monday extends the weekend, and it is also a first day of the vacation week in schools of the two states.
Even some of the colleges in these localities observe this day as a holiday along with the public and local universities present here. In Wisconsin, this day is a school observance day and though it is not been treated as a public holiday, he people are encouraged to celebrate the Patriot’s Day.
The re-enacting of the battle is organised in the Lexington Green in Lexington and even at the Old North Bridge in Concord (both the places are situated in Massachusetts itself). In Lexington, the celebrations in the form of these re-enactments start by 6:00 am, where as the one in Concord starts by 9:00 am.
The celebrations of the Patriots’ Day are seen on a major level in the Boston Marathon. This marathon takes place every year on the Patriot’s Day since 19th April, 1897 in order to mark the holiday that was established on this date. The holiday is even referred to as ‘Marathon Monday’. The marathon links the American and Athenian struggles for liberty.
The Patriot’s Day was first declared in 1894 at Massachusetts by the Governor of the state legislature, Mr. Frederic T. Greenhalge. This day was replaced in place of the Fast Day, which was also a public holiday. Isaac Henry Paige, who was the statesman from Lowell, had introduced this idea of Patriot’s Day to the Gov. Mr. Frederic.
The day was established on 19th April in the remembrance of the Battle that took place between Lexington and Concord in 1775, compensating between the Lexington Day and Concord Day. The day also marks the first bloodshed that took place in the American Civil War in Baltimore riot of 1861.
In this riot, four members of the Massachusetts Militia and 36 were seriously injured. The day is basically celebrated as the anniversary of two things; liberty and unity, as explained by Mr. Greenhalge.
Patriot Day in the US:
On 25th October, 2001, as proposal was passed in the U. S. House by Rep. Vito Fossella to make 11th September as Patriot’s Day for whole of the U. S. This proposal was supported by more 22 people of which, eleven were Democrats and the remaining eleven were Republicans.
The bill requested that the President shall proclaim 11th September as Patriot Day in remembrance of the victims of the September, 2001 terrorist attacks in which around 3000 people were killed and the US suffered from an immense economic setback.
The resolution was passed by polling which resulted into 407-0 vote-score, 25 members holding no stand at all. Thus the bill was passed with no opposition on 30th November. George W. Bush, then President of the USA signed the bill into law on 18th December, 2001 and the first Patriot’s Day was declared on 11th September, 2001 when Mr. Bush used the authority of resolution on 4th September, 2001.
The major patrons for passing the proposal in the house for Patriot’s Day were:
• Nita Lowey(D-NY)
• Carolyn B. Maloney(D-NY)
• Michael R. McNulty(D-NY)
• Jim Moran(D-VA)
• Jerrold Nadler(D-NY)
• John E. Peterson(R-PA)
• Thomas M. Reynolds(R-NY)
• Ed Schrock(R-VA)
• Don Sherwood(R-PA)
• Ed Towns(D-NY)
• James T. Walsh(R-NY)
• Gary Ackerman(D-NY)
• Rick Boucher(D-VA)
• Eliot L. Engel(D-NY)
• Phil English(R-PA)
• Randy Forbes(R-VA)
• Benjamin A. Gilman(R-NY)
• Felix Grucci(R-NY)
• Maurice Hinchey(D-NY)
• Steve Israel(D-NY)
• Peter T. King(R-NY)
• Ray LaHood(R-IL)
In Washington D.C., three American flags are seen flying half-mast on the Columbus Circle, and this is been observed since the Patriot Day of 2013. Along with these flags, several US States and Territorial flags are seen flying in the same way i.e., half-mast at backdrop.
On the White House and other Governmental buildings, the US flags are flown at half-mast on account of Patriot’s Day. This is also followed at the US establishments throughout the globe. Individual American homes also display this tribute or honoring. Many Americans refer Patriot Day as 9/11 or September 11.
On 11th September, 2001, the American Airlines Flight 11 had stuck the World Trade Centre’s North Tower at 8:46 am. In the US, this time is strictly followed for observing a moment of silence. Patriot Day is not an official holiday. The schools and corporate and other sectors remain open on this day.
Even the public transit is seen running on their respective schedules, not being affected by any means. Some memorial ceremonial occasions do take place in remembrance of the victims of the terrorist attacks, but this does not affect the public life in any way. Voluntary works and service opportunities are coordinated by the National and Community Service Corporation.
The 9/11 attacks have greatly increased attention to national security in the US. This has had huge implications for US national and international politics. This is particularly true for the relationships between the United States and Islamic countries in the Middle East.