What is May Day – May Day or the International Workers’ Day which is also called as Labor Day in some nations is commemorated on 1st May each year. This day is commemorated by the working classes and is encouraged by the international labor movement, socialists, and communists.
Just like in other parts of the world, India also commemorates May Day and today Prime Minister Narendra Modi himself wished people through his tweet. He posted this message.
What is May Day
“Today, on Labor Day we salute the determination & hard work of countless workers who play a large role in India’s progress. Shrameva Jayate!” he wrote. India commemorates its first Labor day on 1st May 1923 in Chennai.
May 1 is a national holiday various European nations, including (but not exclusive to): Finland, France, Germany, Italy, Norway, Poland, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain and Sweden. It is also commemorates in nations in Central America, such as Costa Rica and Panama, and in a few parts of the Caribbean, including Cuba.
It is also a national holiday in Mexico. In South America, it is noticed in nations such as: Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Ecuador, Guyana, Peru, Uruguay, and Venezuela. It is also a national holiday in the Russian Federation and Asian nations such as China, Thailand, and Vietnam.
The Labor Day holiday, or Labor Day, is commemorated in the United States and nations such as Australia and Canada at divergent times of the year. Motivated by ancient Greek fetes like the Anthesteria, May Day was originally a festivity of spring and the rebirth taking place in nature through that time of the year.
IMPORTANCE OF MAY DAY
For various decades, the working class was once forced to work more hours and was paid very less wages. In order to protest opposite the owners of business establishments and other employers and put up a large symbol of their demand, the Federation of Organized Trades and Labor Unions of the United States and Canada decided to commemorate May Day.
Back then, people were fighting for more ‘humane’ workday hours and as the years passed and the new century was ushered in, the process acquired momentum worldwide.
The history of the International Workers’ Day goes back to May 1, 1886. On this day, labor unions in the United States of America decided to go on a strike with the demand that workers should not be permitted to work more than 8 hours a day.
This strike was, according to by a bomb blast in Chicago’s Haymarket Square on the 4th of May. This led to the death of some people and police officers. In addition, extra than 100 people were injured in the blast. While the protests in the US didn’t lead to any immediate result, still it helped found the 8-hour work day norm in India and other nations in the world.
May Day in India was first commemorated in Chennai on May 1, 1923. They started was taken by the Labor Kisan Party of Hindustan. The head of the party, Comrade Singaravelar organized two meetings to commemorate this occasion.
One conference was held at the Triplicane Beach, and the other took place at the beach opposed the Madras High Court. The conference, Singaravelar passed decide which stated that the government should announce a national holiday on the May Day or Labor Day in India.
He also emphasized require for non-violence within a political party. This was the first time a red flag was used in India.
Labor Day is commemorated yearly as an official holiday all over the world to commemorate the accomplishments of workers. People enjoy commemorate the May Day or Labor Day by organizing a different of programmers’.
The Labor Day is a particular occasion when people worldwide commemorate the true spirit of the working class. It’s the day when workers get together and showcase their strength which indicates how effectually they can struggle to bring in positive reforms for the working class of the society.
HOW DID MAY DAY COME ABOUT?
Three divergent commemorations in late April seem to have integrated to give 1 May its special importance. Gaelic May Day in Ireland and Scotland, called as Beltane, was held middle between the spring equinox in the halfway of March and the summer solstice in the halfway of June.
Marking the starting of summer, Beltane was commemorated by villagers with bonfires and rituals to safeguard crops and cattle, along with a large feast. Another festival held by the Romans to commemorate Flora, the goddess of flowers, in late April also marked the appearance of summer. Eventually, together these commemorations became the secular fete of May Day now in existence.
WHAT HAPPENS ON MAY DAY?
May Day is synonymous with the maypole, trusted to be rooted in a pagan heritage of cutting down young trees and sticking them in the ground to mark the appearance of summer – and then dancing around them in rival performances between villages.
Well-dressing and making flower garlands can be part of the fete, while a May Queen, and sometimes a “Green Man” might also make an appearance as the embodiments of spring.
WHY HAVE THERE BEEN RIOTS ON MAY DAY IN THE PAST?
Within 2000 and 2001 there was May Day objection in London in which McDonalds, a statue of Winston Churchill and the Cenotaph were attacked and 95 people were arrested. Another objection took place nearby the world in 2013, 2014 and 2015 to promote workers’ rights.
WHAT ARE SOME OF THE WEIRDER FACTS SURROUNDING MAY DAY?
Oliver Cromwell and his Puritans explain maypole dancing as a “heathenish vanity” and passed a law against it in 1660. In Oxford, a Latin hymn or carol is sung from the top of the Magdalen College tower on May Day morning, according by the ringing of bells to signal the begin of Morris dancing in the streets.
ROOTS OF MAY DAY CELEBRATION IN AMERICA
Puritans frowned on May Day, so the day has never been commemorated with as much enthusiasm in the United States as in Great Britain. But the culture of commemorating May Day by dancing and singing around a maypole, tied with colorful streamers or ribbons, survived as a part of the English culture.
The children’s commemorate the day by moving back and forth around the pole with the streamers, selecting of May queen, and hanging of May baskets on the doorknobs of folks — are all the leftovers of the old European culture.
What is May Day