What is Passover 2019 {Everything You Need To Know}

What is Passover – Coming to the Hebrew Bible, Jewish settlement in historical Egypt first appears when Joseph, a son of the patriarch Jacob and founder of one of the 12 tribes of Israel, moves his family there over a severe famine in their homeland of Canaan.

For many years the Israelites live in harmony in the province of Goshen, but as their society grows the Egyptians begin to see them as a threat. Later the death of Joseph and his brothers, the story goes; a especially hostile pharaoh orders their enslavement and the perfect drowning of their firstborn sons in the Nile.

What is Passover

What is Passover

He dumps an Egyptian workhorse master and escapes to the Sinai Peninsula, where he lives as a simple shepherd for 40 years. One day, however, Moses receives a ban from God to arrival to Egypt and free his kin from bondage.


For centuries, teachers have been proving the details and ancient merit of the events celebrated over the Passover layoff. Despite numerous attempts, historians and archaeologists have failed to confirm the tale of the Jews’ enslavement in and mass exodus from Egypt.

Although the historical Egyptians kept thorough records, no mention is created by an Israelite community within their midst or any calamities resembling the 10 biblical plagues.

There is also no proof of big encampments in the Sinai Peninsula, the fabled site of the Jews’ wandering, or any sudden fluctuation in Israel’s archaeological record that would specify the departure and return of a big population.

A handful of scholars, including the first-century Jewish historian Josephus, have recommended a link between the Israelites and the Hyksos, a mysterious Semitic people—possibly from Canaan—who controlled Lower Egypt for more than 100 years before their expulsion through the 16th century B.C. Utmost modern academics, however, have dismissed this theory due to chronological conflicts and a lack of sameness between the two cultures.

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One of the most significant Passover rituals for dutiful Jews is removing all leavened food manufactured from their home before the holiday starts and abstaining from them throughout its duration.

Instead of bread, religious Jews eat a type of flat bread called matzo; following to culture, this is since the Hebrews fled Egypt in such haste that there was no time for their bread to rise, or maybe because matzo was lighter and simple to carry through the desert than regular bread.

On the first two nights of Passover, families and friends gather for a religious feast called as a seder. Through the meal, the story of the exodus from Egypt is read aloud from an unusual text called the Haggadah, and rituals corresponding to different aspects of the narrative are performed.


The eight-day fete of Passover is commemorated in the prior spring, from the 15th through the 22nd of the Hebrew month of Nissan, April 10–18, 2017. It festivity the emancipation of the Israelites from slavery in ancient Egypt.

It is noticed by avoiding leaven, and highlighted by the Seder meals that include four cups of wine, eating matzah and bitter herbs, and retelling the story of the Exodus.

In Hebrew it is called as Pesach, since G d passed over the Jewish homes when killing the Egyptian firstborn on the very first Passover eve.


After several decades of slavery to the Egyptian pharaohs, through which time the Israelites were subjected to back breaking labor and intolerable horrors, G d saw the people’s distress and sent Moses to Pharaoh with a message: “Send forth my people, so that they may serve Me.” But despite numerous advices, Pharaoh refused to heed G d’s commands. G d then sent upon Egypt ten disastrous plagues, afflicting them and destroying everything from their livestock to their crops.

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At the stroke of midnight of 15 Nissan in the year 2448 from make, G d visited the last of the ten plagues on the Egyptians, killing all their firstborn.

While doing so, G d distributes the children of Israel, “passing over” their homes—hence the name of the holiday. Pharaoh’s resistance was broken, and he virtually chased his former bondsman out of the land.

The Israelites left in such a hurry, in fact, that the bread they baked a contingency for the way did not have time to rise. Six hundred thousand adult males, plus several more women and children, left Egypt on that day and started the trek to Mount Sinai and their birth a G d’s selected people.


The first two days and last two days are full-developed holidays. Holiday candles are lit at night, and Kiddush and sumptuous holiday feast are enjoyed on both nights and days. We don’t go to work, drive, write, or switch on or off electric devices. We are allowed to cook and to carry outdoors.

The middle four days are known CholHamoed, semi-festive “intermediate days,” when most forms of work are allowed.


Passover is noticeably for seven days in Israel and eight days in the Diaspora. The main function of the Passover holiday is the Seder, a festive feast in which the Haggadah is recited in a set order.

Through the entire duration of the holiday, it is forbidden to eat leavened food products. The cause for this is that Jewish culture states that in their haste to escape from Egypt the Jews did not have sufficient time to wait for bread to rise. Rather, they ate matzah, unleavened bread.

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Few Jews practice biur chametz. Others keep all the chametz in an individual area of the house where it won’t be seen, and symbolically sell the chametz.


Passover foods are unique in that, beyond the general rules of keeping kosher, there are special rules for planning food that is kosher for Passover. Of course, matzah is a central part of the Seder and the Passover feast throughout the duration of the holiday.

Emblematic foods eaten at the Seder are: maror, charoset, zeroah, beitzah, and karpas. It is needed to drink four cups of wine throughout the Seder.

What is Passover